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Imagine a country where
everyone is good at his or her job. Imagine a country where everyone has respect
for elders and teachers. Imagine a country where every shop clerk treats each
customer like an honored guest. Imagine a country where everyone wears expensive
clothing, the food is slurpy, and there aren't any napkins because apparently
nobody needs them. Imagine a country where everyone has good taste.
One thing that is tough for an American to understand is how Tokyo-centric
Japan is. In the U.S., if you are ambitious for money you move to New York. If
you are ambitious for power you move to Washington, DC. Those who want to get
into show business move to Los Angeles. Techies move to Silicon Valley. People
who love knowledge and learning move to Boston. In Japan, each of these types of
people would move to Tokyo. And they have! Tokyo is corporate headquarters. Tokyo
has the best universities. Tokyo is the seat of Japan's powerful central
government. The good thing about Tokyo-centricity is that a Japanese family can
stay together even if the members develop divergent interests. The bad thing is
that real estate prices are insane, commuting means 75 minutes standing on a
packed train, and one is constantly part of a crowd. As a tourist, it is a marvel
to see how well Tokyo functions despite the crowds. In planning your trip
remember that you can escape those crowds merely by leaving Tokyo.
The best months to visit Japan
are spring and fall. The climate in Tokyo is similar to that of New York City.
You can control the climate to some extent by traveling up into the mountains,
north to Hokkaido, or south to subtropical Okinawa. If possible, I recommend
starting your trip in a part of Japan that is smaller and slower-paced than
Tokyo. Nara and Kyoto are reasonable choices, served by the Kansai international
With its mountains, oceans, and spectacular urbanscapes, Japan is too varied
to make any general film recommendations. Check
photo.net film page for our latest thinking.
The Japanese are incredibly friendly to photographers. Some museums and
temples restrict the use of tripods but otherwise this is a place where you can
snap away in comfort.
is easy despite the language barrier; the Japanese are especially tolerant of
It is easy to
buy a camera or film in Japan
but don't expect bargains on most items. Generic 35mm gear is about the same
price as in New York. Certain kinds of medium-format cameras, such as Mamiya, can
be substantially cheaper in Japan.
If you're from most Western countries, you
don't need a visa to enter Japan for 90 days.
You will most likely be flying into either Narita Airport (near Tokyo) or
Kansai (near Osaka and the airport of choice for visiting Kyoto and Nara). If
you've traveled light, you can take a train from Narita into Tokyo. If you've got
a lot of luggage and are staying at a big hotel, take the special airport bus (90
minutes). If you come into Kansai and are going to Kyoto, the train is the only
Considering that English is a required subject in Japanese government schools,
it is remarkable how few Japanese speak English. Remember also that you won't be
able to read most signs or product packaging. Prepare to be disoriented and
You'll have to try very hard to get food
poisoning in Japan. The guidebooks caution only against raw bear meat and raw
wild boar due to risk of trichinosis.
Electric power is 100V (US voltage is about 117) and plugs are American-style
two-prong affairs. Curiously, the line frequency is 50 Hz in Tokyo and eastern
Japan, 60 Hz in the west. Most laptop and digital camera power supplies will work
fine in Japan.
The time in Japan is 9 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (London), which
makes it 14 hours ahead of New York. Thus if it is 9:00 am in New York, it is
already 11:00 pm in Japan. Japan does not observe Daylight Savings Time, so the
time difference from New York will be 13 hours in the summer.
The currency in Japan is the Yen. You get about 100 of these to the dollar
Finance for the latest rates). Bring lots of US dollars in cash or travelers
checks into Japan and also try to use the ATMs in the airport or the post office.
The average bank ATM will not work with an American bank or credit card! Remember
that, at least as of September 2000, Japan remains a cash-oriented society. Six
of us ate a $1000 sushi meal. We had to pay in cash. We visited a rare book and
print shop. They had some lovely drawings of koi for $2000. Cash only.
Japan is about as safe and crime-free as a country with 125 million people can
be. My friend Curt left his Nikon FM2 on a subway train. He complained about the
loss to a Japanese friend who asked "Why didn't you go to the lost and found and
get it back?" It did not occur to the Japanese that the camera would have been
misappropriated; it did not occur to the American that the $500 camera would be
returned. Curt went to the lost and found. The Nikon was there.
Bring your familiar over-the-counter medicines with you. The Japanese do not
have a strong tradition of self-care. If you're sick, you go to the doctor and
take whatever is prescribed without asking what it is. Pharmacists are helpful
but some of your favorite drugs may not exist, e.g., Sudafed, unless you go to
the American Pharmacy (Tokyo: (03) 3271-4034).
Per page, the most useful guidebook to Japan is the Dorling Kindersley
. There is a photograph of nearly every sight so you can decide
whether or not it is worth the trip photographically. If you have a $20/day
budget and want to know which bus to take and at which hostel to park your
backpack, get the Lonely Planet Guide to Japan
. You can gain useful added perspective from Tokyo, Kyoto and Ancient Nara
(Richard Lloyd Parry 1999).