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T. L. Green:ULTRA miniature CAMERA technique

Martin Tai , Dec 11, 1999; 08:49 p.m.

ULTRA miniature CAMERA technique

Author : T.L. Green

Publisher Focal Press Ltd, 1965 216 p

T.L. Green's ULTRA miniature CAMERA technique is a comprehensive technique book about subminiature photography; various subminiature cameras were discussed, including Minox, Gami, Edixa, Mikroma, Goldeck, Minolta The book has eleven chapters:


Brief history of subminiature photography, film formats, 9.5mm 16mm; why and who uses subminiature cameras. Applications of subminiature in documentation, archeology,medical and teaching etc.


About type of camera, film format, finder, metere, lens


Film characteristic, film choice, film slitting, exposure, meter


Development tank, developer formulae, dilution technique, film drying reduction, negative storing


Sharpness, Resolution, Acutance, Graininess. Camera support


Color film, filter


Temperature control, chemicals, color prints, slides, projector


Enlarging paper, choosing enlarger, exposure control, dodging, interneg, mounting and filing of prints


Close up lens, lamp stand, copy stand, copy films


Architecture, Art Galleries, sports, aerial photography, landscape portraits.

SPECIAL APPLICATIONS Telephotography,macro stereo,flash

The is a well written book on subminiature photography, with abundant excellent pictures, some taken by the author himself, mostly with Minox


Martin Tai , Jan 08, 2003; 05:19 p.m.

This is the dust jacket of the book

Ultra minature CAMERA technique

Martin Tai , Jan 08, 2003; 10:10 p.m.

Thomas Leslie Green was a Professor of Education, Singapore University.

There is a short note at the back of the dust jacket.

Martin Tai , Jan 08, 2003; 10:13 p.m.

Inside of dust jacket, front

Dust jacket, inside

Martin Tai , Jan 08, 2003; 10:24 p.m.

There are two advertisments at the last pages of this book.

One was an ad for Minox B, the other was an ad for Rollei 16

Singapore was the home of two well known subminiature cameras, the Rollei 16 and Rollei A110

Martin Tai , Mar 23, 2003; 06:49 a.m.

Beside Minox photographs T.L. Green's book also has several full page pictures took with Edixa 16 camera.

Jorg Eikmann/Urich Vogt "Kameras fur Millionen" has a whole chapter dedicated to Heiz Waaske's Edixa 16 subminature cameras for Wirgin Wiesbanden in former West Germany from 1962-1973 Edixa 16 is one of Heiz Waaske's masterpiece design. There are several models Basic Edixa 16 of 1962 with three element Travegar lens The queen of Edixa 16 of 1964 with Schneider Kreuchnach Tessar type Xenar 25mm/2.8 lens. Manual Edixa 16M Schneider Xenar 25/2.8 lens Black manual Edixa 16MB Franka 16 Alka 16 Edixa 16U with uncoupled light meter Edixa 16S with simpler lens . Edixa 16 is an all metal camera, it has 1/30, 1/60 and 1/150 sec and B speeds. Aperture variable from 2.8 to f16, focusing range from 40 cm to infinity. The whole lens moves as a unit-- ie, it is a unit focusing lens, like Minox 8x11. A small selenium exposure meter can be attached to the camera, it couples with the aperture control dial on Edixa 16, turn the aperture dial to move the red pointer to overlap the meter needle for correct exposure. The ASA scale dial is the smaller dial embeded into the aperture dial at the center, the ASA value range is from ASA 9 to ASA 100, a bit limited. The Edixa light meter is the smallest meter I have seen, and it actually works [unlike my two Rollei 16s with dead meter] A small switch at left corner can change the shutter speed. The aperture dial and focusing dials are milled disk, more beautiful than the dials on Minox TLX-- all machines parts, not punched parts. At the center of the camera is the shutter release, with threads for cable release and a locking ring, such that when the camera shutter is cocked, the lock can preven acidental tripping of shutter release. The shutter is infront of the lens shutter, (like Minox ), but instead of two blades, Edixa 16 uses four blades. The shutter level is at the bottom of the camera. I can operate the camera with one hand, either using a thumb to cock the shutter, and trip the shutter release with middle finger, or hold the camera the other way, using middle finger to cock the shutter, and using the thumb to operate the shutter release [ I cannot operate Minox TLX with one hand ]

A PC connect at the front of the camera for connecting electronic flash. Turn a thumb knob at the back of the camera to <> position the bottom plate[ which has the film advance lever and rewind crank) pops up and can be removed to faciliate film loading Edixa 16 uses Rollei 16 style RARA cassette. Film loading is easy, pop in the RARA cassette, pull the unperforated 16mm film leader and insert into the clips of the take up spool, close the bottom plate, turn the camera locking knob to lock the camera. The counter counts from 1 to 24. The frame size is 12x17mm. Viewfinder is very bright, no parallax correction[ it has a close focus marker ] The camera can be used without the attached selenum meter, in this case the camera weights about 180 g In comparison, Rollei 16 is 260g, Mec 16SB is 250g.

IMO, Edixa 16 is a more elegant design then Rollei 16, because the former can be used without the lightmeter, and its PC connect can accomodate any electronic flash without the need for a dedicated flash, and the simple film advance lever can be operated with single hand. Accesories include: genuine leader zip case, carrying chain lens hood, filter set, flash unit, and film developing tank (conventional type )


Edixa 16M subminature camera by Heinz Waaske

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