Building upon last week's Basic Printing with Lightroom video tutorial, this advanced printing tutorial will teach you to print contact sheets, print multiple images at a time, use Lightroom's present...
The volcanic Galapagos Islands rose from the sea floor starting around
5 million years ago. They are separated from the continent of South
America by 600 miles of ocean and therefore the species have evolved
separately from their forebears on the mainland. The islands were not
visited by humans until approximately 500 years ago. Thus the
wildlife has not had time to evolve a fear of human beings and can be
approached and photographed very closely. Here is a place where you
can take a bird's portrait with a 50mm lens.
Even if you're not interested in the specific oddities of the
Galapagos, the biogeography of islands is worth studying because to a
large extent that's what all of Earth's biogeography will look like in
100 years or so. Ecologists distinguish between two types of islands.
The first are volcanic oceanic islands such as the Galapagos that
sprung up from nowhere and collect species only by immigration from
the air and water. The second are "land-bridge" islands such as
Madagascar or Bali that were once connected to a continent but split
off with a sampling of whatever wildlife happened to be around at the
time. Because they are small and have small populations islands are
subject to vastly more extinctions than continents.
There are four ways to see the Galapagos:
for seasick-prone people: staying in hotels in the three inhabited
islands and hopping among them in airplanes or small fast boats
for people with a lot of time and not much money: arrive on a
Thursday in the low season in Puerto Ayora and ask around until you
find a budget boat that will take you on a 7-day cruise for $500-700
for most Americans: book a $2000-3000 per-person trip on a
reasonably nice 16-20-person boat
for people who want maximum comfort: Celebrity Cruise lines started
operations in the Galapagos in June 2004 with the Xpedition, a
94-passenger ship (about $3500 per person for a 7-night cruise)
Note: the sailboat at right looks nice but very seldom are sailboats
able to sail in the Galapagos. The winds are not strong or reliable
enough and therefore you get a comparatively cramped cabin and end up
listening to a noisy diesel engine all night.
I booked my cruise as part of a multi-week trip through Wildland Adventures. They put me on
the Eric, a 20-person boat run by one of the oldest and best
companies in the Galapagos business. The naturalists on my cruise were
former rangers from the Galapagos National Park and had a superb command
of geology, geography, biology, and the English language.
Landing locations and times are regulated by the national park
authorities. Generally the schedule looks something like the
7:00 am: wake up
8:30 am: board dinghy for landing at an island and a hike
9:30-10:00 am: get back into dinghy for trip to snorkeling site
11:00 am: back to main boat, which immediately weighs anchor and
starts moving to the next island or a different site on the same island
2:00 pm: board dinghy for landing
7:00 pm: dinner
11:00 pm: anchor chain comes up and the boat starts moving to the next island through the night
A standard Galapagos cruise is fine for getting magazine-quality animal
portraits. If you want to take landscape photos near sunset and sunrise
you may want to investigate a special cruise for photographers where you
get up earlier and jump right into a dinghy before breakfast.
Because it is so sunny and you tend to be out in mid-morning and
mid-afternoon, you don't need to bring a tripod if you're using
standard 35mm or digital cameras. You'll definitely miss a few photos
without one but most of the time handholding will work just fine. For
capturing birds in flight and headshots on the ground you'll want at
least a 400mm lens (35mm perspective). The images on this page were
taken with an Olympus E1 5-megapixel single-lens reflex camera and two zoom lenses
with a total range of 28-400mm (35mm equivalent). Often it would have
been nice to have a 20mm or wider lens and sometimes it would have been
nice to have a 600mm lens. On the other hand, plenty of the best images
were made closer to 50mm.
For want of having anything more profound to say about these islands,
here are some favorite pictures from a weeklong cruise, arranged by
island. Notice that the emphasis is on tourists in the landscape as
opposed to pristine picture-postcard views. The objective here is to
show the Galapagos as a tourist would be likely to experience it rather
than as an idealized wilderness.
Lots of blue-footed booby mating dance action...
The capital of the Galapagos, and the place SCUBA divers go when the
cold water has given them the
bends and they need a hyperbaric chamber.